Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables (Part 2)

ID: fokuk-hobum
Created by Illustrative MathIllustrative Math
Subject: Algebra, Algebra 2
Grade: 8-9

Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables (Part 2)

Classroom:
Due:
Student Name:
Date Submitted:
Problem 1

To qualify for a loan from a bank, the total in someone’s checking and savings accounts together must be $500 or more.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

1) Which of these inequalities best represents this situation?

a) x+y<500 x + y < 500 b) x+y500 x + y \leq 500 c) x+y>500 x + y > 500 d) x+y500 x + y \geq 500

2) Complete the graph so that it represents solutions to an inequality representing this situation.

(Be clear about whether you want to use a solid or dashed line.)

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.
Problem 2

The soccer team is selling bags of popcorn for $3 each and cups of lemonade for $2 each. To make a profit, they must collect a total of more than $120.

3) Write an inequality to represent the number of bags of popcorn sold, pp, and the number of cups of lemonade sold, cc, in order to make a profit.

4) Graph the solution set to the inequality on the coordinate plane.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

5) Explain how we could check if the boundary is included or excluded from the solution region.

Problem 3

6) Tickets to the aquarium are $11 for adults and $6 for children. An after-school program has a budget of $200 for a trip to the aquarium.

If the boundary line in each graph represents the equation 11x+6y=20011x + 6y = 200, which graph represents the cost constraint in this situation?

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.
a) Graph A\text{Graph A}b) Graph B\text{Graph B}c) Graph C\text{Graph C}d) Graph D\text{Graph D}
Problem 4

Tyler filled a small jar with quarters and dimes and donated it to his school's charity club. The club member receiving the jar asked, "Do you happen to know how much is in the jar?" Tyler said, "I know it's at least $8.50, but I don't know the exact amount."

7) Write an inequality to represent the relationship between the number of dimes, dd, the number of quarters, qq, and the dollar amount of the money in the jar.

8) Graph the solution set to the inequality.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

9) Explain what a solution means in this situation.

10) Suppose Tyler knew there are 25 dimes in the jar. Write an inequality that represents how many quarters could be in the jar.

Problem 5

11) Andre is solving the inequality 14x+38x+314x + 3 \leq 8x + 3. He first solves a related equation.

14x+3=8x+314x=8x8=14\begin{array}{rcl} \\[-1em] 14x + 3 &=& 8x + 3 \\[-1em] \\ \\[-1em] 14x &=& 8x \\[-1em] \\ \\[-1em] 8 &=& 14 \\[-1em] \end{array}

This seems strange to Andre. He thinks he probably made a mistake. What was his mistake?

Problem 6

Kiran says, "I bought 2.5 pounds of red, rr, and yellow, yy, lentils. Both were $1.80 per pound. I spent a total of $4.05."

12) Write a system of equations to describe the relationships between the quantities in Kiran's statement.

13) If you used a variable, specify what it represents. If not, write "n/a".

14) Elena says, "That can't be right." Explain how Elena can tell that something is wrong with Kiran's statement.

15) Kiran says, "Oops, I meant to say I bought 2.25 pounds of lentils." Revise your system of equations to reflect this correction.

16) Is it possible to tell for sure how many pounds of each kind of lentil Kiran might have bought?

True or false? Write below.

17) Explain your reasoning.

Problem 7

18) Here is an inequality 7(3x+2)<8(x+1)-7 - (3x + 2) < -8(x + 1):

Select all the values of xx that are solutions to the inequality. Write each corresponding letter in the answer box and separate letters with commas.

a) x=0.2x = -0.2 \quad \quad b) x=0.1x = -0.1 \quad \quad c) x=0x = 0 \quad \quad d) x=0.1x = 0.1 \quad \quad e) x=0.2x = 0.2 \quad \quad f) x=0.3x = 0.3

Show Work
Problem 8

Here is a graph of the equation 6x+2y=86x + 2y = -8.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

19) Is the point (1.5, -4) a solution to the equation?

True or false? Write below.

20) Explain or show how you know.

21) Is the point (0, -4) a solution to the equation?

True or false? Write below.

22) Explain or show how you know.

Check if each of these points is a solution to the inequality 6x+2y86x + 2y \leq -8:

23) (-2, 2)

True or false? Write below.
Show Work

24) (4, -2)

True or false? Write below.
Show Work

25) (0, 0)

True or false? Write below.
Show Work

26) (-4, 4)

True or false? Write below.
Show Work

27) Shade the solutions to the inequality.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

28) Are the points on the line included in the solution region?

True or false? Write below.

29) Explain how you know.