Linear Models

ID: muzuv-zalut
Created by Illustrative MathIllustrative Math
Subject: Algebra, Algebra 2
Grade: 8-9

Linear Models

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Problem 1

The scatter plot shows the number of times a player came to bat and the number of hits they had.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

1) The scatter plot includes a point at (318, 80). Describe the meaning of this point in this situation.

Problem 2

The scatter plot shows the number of minutes people had to wait for service at a restaurant and the number of staff available at the time.

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A line that models the data is given by the equation y=1.62x+18y = -1.62x + 18, where yy represents the wait time, and xx represents the number of staff available.

2) The slope of the line is -1.62. What does this mean in this situation?

3) Is it realistic?

True or false? Write below.

4) The yy-intercept is (0, 18). What does this mean in this situation?

5) Is it realistic?

True or false? Write below.
Problem 3

A taxi driver records the time required to complete various trips and the distance for each trip.

The best fit line is given by the equation y=0.467x+0.417y = 0.467x + 0.417, where yy represents the distance in miles, and xx represents the time for the trip in minutes.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

6) Use the best fit line to estimate the distance for a trip that takes 20 minutes.

7) Show your reasoning.

8) Use the best fit line to estimate the time for a trip that is 6 miles long.

9) Show your reasoning.

Problem 4

Data is collected about the number of wins and losses by a random sample of teams with an animal mascot and those with another kind of mascot. The column relative frequencies are shown in the table.

animal mascotother type of mascotwins74%49%losses26%51%\begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \\[-1em] & \textbf{animal mascot} & \textbf{other type of mascot} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{wins} & 74\% & 49\% \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{losses} & 26\% & 51\% \\[-1em] \\ \hline \end{array}

10) Based on the information in the table, is there an association between the variables?

True or false? Write below.

11) Explain your reasoning.

Problem 5

A random selection of indoor and outdoor pool managers are surveyed about the number of people in each age group that swim there. Results from the survey are displayed in the two-way table.

outdoor poolindoor poolyounger than 183174118 or older352163\begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \\[-1em] &\textbf{outdoor pool} & \textbf{indoor pool} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{younger than 18} & 317 & 41 \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{18 or older} & 352 & 163 \\[-1em] \\ \hline \end{array}

12) Based on the data, does there appear to be an association between pool type and age group?

True or false? Write below.

13) Explain your reasoning.

Problem 6

14) Data from a random sample of people are collected about how they watch movies in the genres of action or mystery. Which value would best fit in the missing cell to suggest there is no association between the genre and how the movies are watched?

streaming moviesdisc rentalaction526147mystery317\begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \\[-1em] & \textbf{streaming movies} & \textbf{disc rental} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{action} & 526 & 147 \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{mystery} & 317 & \\[-1em] \\ \hline \end{array}

a) 19\text{19}b) 89\text{89}c) 147\text{147}d) 320\text{320}