Solutions to Inequalities in One Variable

ID: bukus-dohim
Created by Illustrative MathIllustrative Math
Subject: Algebra, Algebra 2
Grade: 8-9

Solutions to Inequalities in One Variable

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Problem 1

1) Here is an inequality: 7x+623x+2\frac{7x + 6}{2} \leq 3x + 2

Select all of the values that are a solution to the inequality. Write each corresponding letter in the answer box and separate letters with commas.

a) x=3x = -3 \quad \quad b) x=2x = -2 \quad \quad c) x=1x = -1 \quad \quad d) x=0x = 0 \quad \quad e) x=1x = 1 \quad \quad f) x=2x = 2 \quad \quad g) x=3x = 3

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Problem 2

2) Find the solution set to this inequality: 2x3>2x522x - 3 > \frac{2x - 5}{2}

a) x<12 x < \frac{1}{2} b) x>12 x > \frac{1}{2} c) x12 x \leq \frac{1}{2} d) x12 x \geq \frac{1}{2}
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Problem 3

3) Here is an inequality: 10+x4+57x53\frac{-10 + x}{4} + 5 \geq \frac{7x - 5}{3}

What value of xx will produce equality (or make the two sides equal)?

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Problem 4

4) Noah is solving the inequality 7x+5>2x+357x + 5 > 2x + 35. First, he solves the equation 7x+5=2x+357x + 5 = 2x + 35 and gets x=6x = 6.

How does the solution to the equation 7x+5=2x+357x + 5 = 2x + 35 help Noah solve the inequality 7x+5>2x+357x + 5 > 2x + 35? Explain your reasoning.

Problem 5

5) Which graph represents the solution to 5+8x<3(2x+4)5 + 8x < 3(2x + 4)?

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.
a) Graph A\text{Graph A}b) Graph B\text{Graph B}c) Graph C\text{Graph C}d) Graph D\text{Graph D}
Problem 6

6) Solve this system of linear equations without graphing: {7x+11y=27x+3y=30\begin{cases} 7x + 11y = -2 \\ 7x + 3y = 30 \end{cases}

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Problem 7

Kiran has 27 nickels and quarters in his pocket, worth a total of $2.75.

7) Write a system of equations to represent the relationships between the number of nickels nn, the number of quarters qq, and the dollar amount in this situation.

8) How many nickels and quarters are in Kiran’s pocket?

9) Show your reasoning.

Problem 8

10) How many solutions does this system of equations have?

{y+23x=42x=123y\begin{cases} y + \frac{2}{3}x = 4 \\ 2x = 12 - 3y \end{cases}

11) Explain how you know.

Problem 9

12) The principal of a school is hosting a small luncheon for her staff. She plans to prepare two sandwiches for each person. Some staff members offer to bring salads and beverages.

The principal has a budget of $225 and expects at least 16 people to attend. Sandwiches cost $3 each.

Select all of the equations and inequalities that could represent the constraints in the situation, where nn is number of people attending and ss is number of sandwiches. Write each corresponding letters in the answer box and separate letters with commas.

a) n16n \geq 16 \quad \quad b) n32n \geq 32 \quad \quad c) s<2ns < 2n \quad \quad d) s=2ns = 2n \quad \quad e) 3n2253n \leq 225 \quad \quad f) 3s2253s \leq 225

Problem 10

Students at the college are allowed to work on campus no more than 20 hours, hh, per week. The jobs that are available pay different rates, rr, starting from $8.75 an hour. Students can earn a maximum of $320 per week. Write inequalities that represent the given constraints in this situation.

13) Write an inequality that represents the constraint on hours worked.

14) Write an inequality that represents the constraint on rate.

15) Write an inequality that represents the constrain on total earnings.

16) Specify what each variable represents.