Which Variable to Solve for? (Part 1)

ID: duzov-hator
Created by Illustrative MathIllustrative Math
Subject: Algebra, Algebra 2
Grade: 8-9

Which Variable to Solve for? (Part 1)

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Problem 1

Priya is buying raisins and almonds to make trail mix. Almonds cost $5.20 per pound and raisins cost $2.75 per pound. Priya spent $11.70 buying almonds and raisins. The relationship between pounds of almonds aa, pounds of raisins rr, and the total cost is represented by the equation 5.20a+2.75r=11.705.20a + 2.75r = 11.70.

How many pounds of raisins did Priya buy if she bought the following amounts of almonds:

1) 2 pounds of almonds

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2) 1.06 pounds of almonds

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3) 0.64 pounds of almonds

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4) aa pounds of almonds

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Problem 2

Here is a linear equation in two variables: 2x+4y31=1232x + 4y - 31 = 123.

5) Solve the equation for xx.

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6) Solve the equation for yy.

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Problem 3

A chef bought $17.01 worth of ribs and chicken. Ribs cost $1.89 per pound and chicken costs $0.90 per pound. The equation 0.9c+1.89r=17.010.9c + 1.89r = 17.01 represents the relationship between the quantities in this situation.

Show that each of the following equations is equivalent to 0.9c+1.89r=17.010.9c + 1.89r = 17.01. Then, explain when it might be helpful to write the equation in these forms.

7) c=18.92.1rc=18.9 - 2.1r

8) r=1021c+9r = -\frac{10}{21}c + 9

Problem 4

A car traveled 180 miles at a constant rate.

Find the values for the labeled cells in the table to show the rate at which the car was traveling if it completed the same distance in each number of hours.

travel timerate of travel(hours)(miles per hour)5A4.5B3C2.25D\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline \\[-1em] \textbf{travel time} & \textbf{rate of travel} \\ \textbf{(hours)} & \textbf{(miles per hour)} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] 5 & \text{A} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] 4.5 & \text{B} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] 3 & \text{C} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \\[-1em] 2.25 & \text{D} \\[-1em] \\ \hline \end{array}

9) Cell A

10) Cell B

11) Cell C

12) Cell D

13) Write an equation that would make it easy to find the rate at which the car was traveling in miles per hour rr, if it traveled for tt hours.

Problem 5

14) Bananas cost $0.50 each, and apples cost $1.00 each.

Select all the combinations of bananas and apples that Elena could buy for exactly $3.50. Write each corresponding letter in the answer box and separate letters with commas.

a) 2 bananas and 2 apples b) 3 bananas and 2 apples c) 1 banana and 2 apples

d) 1 banana and 3 apples e) 5 bananas and 2 apples f) 5 bananas and 1 apple

Problem 6

15) A group of 280 elementary school students and 40 adults are going on a field trip. They are planning to use two different types of buses to get to the destination. The first type of bus holds 50 people and the second type of bus holds 56 people.

Andre says that 3 of the first type of bus and 3 of the second type of bus will hold all of the students and adults going on the field trip. Is Andre correct? Explain your reasoning.

Problem 7

16) Elena says that equations A and B are not equivalent.

  • Equation A: 135x=4813 - 5x = 48
  • Equation B: 5x=355x = 35

Write a convincing explanation as to why this is true.

Problem 8

To grow properly, each tomato plant needs 1.5 square feet of soil and each broccoli plant needs 2.25 square feet of soil. The graph shows the different combinations of broccoli and tomato plants in an 18 square foot plot of soil.

A template for answering this question. Ask your instructor for an alternative.

Match each point to the statement that describes it. Write the letter of your choice in each answer box.

a) The soil is fully used when 6 tomato plants and 4 broccoli plants are planted.

b) Only broccoli was planted, but the plot is fully used and all plants can grow properly.

c) After 3 tomato plants and 2 broccoli plants were planted, there is still extra space in the plot.

d) With 4 tomato plants and 6 broccoli plants planted, the plot is overcrowded.

17) Point A

18) Point B

19) Point C

20) Point D

Problem 9

21) Select all the equations that are equivalent to the equation 3x4=53x - 4 = 5. Write each corresponding letter in the answer box and separate letters with commas.

a) 3x=93x = 9 \quad \quad b) 3x4+4=5+43x - 4 + 4 = 5 + 4 \quad \quad c) x4=2x - 4 = 2 \quad \quad d) x=9x = 9 \quad \quad e) 4=53x-4 = 5 - 3x

Problem 10

22) Han is solving an equation. He took steps that are acceptable but ended up with equations that are clearly not true.

5x+6=7x+52xoriginal equation5x+6=7x2x+5apply the commutative property5x+6=5x+5combine like terms6=5subtract 5x from each side\begin{array}{rcll} \\[-1em] 5x + 6 &= & 7x + 5 - 2x & \quad \quad \text{original equation} \\[-1em] \\ \\[-1em] 5x + 6 &= & 7x - 2x + 5 & \quad \quad \text{apply the commutative property} \\[-1em] \\ \\[-1em] 5x + 6 &= & 5x + 5 & \quad \quad \text{combine like terms} \\[-1em] \\ \\[-1em] 6 &= & 5 & \quad \quad \text{subtract } 5x \text{ from each side} \\[-1em] \end{array}

What can Han conclude as a result of these acceptable steps?

a) There’s no value of x that can make the equation 5x+6=7x+52x true.\text{There's no value of } x \text{ that can make the equation } 5x + 6 = 7x + 5 - 2x \text{ true.}b) Any value of x can make the equation 5x+6=7x+52x true.\text{Any value of } x \text{ can make the equation } 5x + 6 = 7x + 5 - 2x \text{ true.}c) x=6 is a solution to the equation 5x+6=7x+52x. x = 6 \text{ is a solution to the equation } 5x + 6 = 7x + 5 - 2x \text{.}d) x=5 is a solution to the equation 5x+6=7x+52x. x = 5 \text{ is a solution to the equation } 5x + 6 = 7x + 5 - 2x \text{.}